Max Kurzweil (1867-1916)
Crucifixion, c 1900
Ink, ink wash, colored pencil
5 7/8 x 5 5/8 inches
Estate blind-stamped lower right, “MK”
Maximillian or Max Kurzweil belongs to the most significant group of representatives of the Viennese Secessionist movement after Gustav Klimt and Egon Schiele. He studied at the Academy of Fine Arts Vienna with Christian Griepenkerl and Leopold Carl Müller, and attended the Académie Julian in Paris from 1892, where he exhibited his first paining at the Salon in 1894. He was co-founder of the Vienna Secession in 1897 and editor and illustrator of the influential Secessionist magazine Ver Sacrum (Sacred Spring). Kurzweil was also a professor at the Frauenkunstschule and in 1905, was awarded the Villa Romana prize. His later works show the influence of Edvard Munch and Ferdinand Hodler. As a consequence of private circumstances, made worse by his innate sense of melancholy, he committed suicide in 1916 together with his student and lover, Helene Heger.
Despite his relatively short career, Kurzweil belongs to the most significant representatives of the Viennese Secessionist movement (along with Gustav Klimt).